Different types of dentists

Dentists evaluate and treat problems related to the teeth and oral cavity. They perform extractions, administer anesthesia and medications, educate patients about dental hygiene and write prescriptions when necessary. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 75% of dentists work on their own, while the rest work in a company or other organization. A dental student attending dental school grade for four years and gets either a DDS or a DMD


The vast majority of dentists practicing in the United States are general dentists. Also known as family dentists, conduct routine examinations, teeth pulled, do root canals and tooth fillings added. Fit dentures, crowns and bridges. Some of them perform cosmetic dentistry. General dentists are trained to treat patients of all ages.


Endodontists have at least two years of specialized training that allows them to specialize in working with the dental pulp and surrounding tissue, routinely perform complicated dental root canal involving removing unhealthy pulp at the bottom of the tooth, filling and sealing the space below. This procedure can save teeth that would otherwise have to be extracted.

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have at least three years of specialized studies in the treatment of diseases and injuries of the mouth and the surrounding area. A part of their advanced training is related to the care of patients requiring anesthesia. They routinely perform complex surgeries related to dental problems such as the extraction of wisdom teeth, facial cosmetic surgery and placement of dental implants. They can treat patients with oral cancer and may be called upon to perform surgery to trauma victims with facial injuries.


Prosthodontists working to create artificial teeth such as dentures, dental implants and dental bridges several individual artificial teeth, they can work with patients and placing artificial teeth or can fulfill orders general dentists. Dental prosthodontists have at least three years of training beyond what is required of a general dentist.


Orthodontists have at least two years of specializing in the care of patients whose teeth have training needs alignment, applied brakes and other orthodontic appliances to teeth to improve the ability to eat and appearance. Orthodontists work with children and adults. A closely related specialty is dentofacial orthopedics.

Pediatric Dentists

Pediatric dentists have specialized in dealing with children from birth to adolescence at least two years of training. These dentists are concerned with specific dental problems of children and have a great experience in helping keep a positive first dental visit.


The periodontist have at least three years’ experience specializing in the field of periodontal disease (gum) formation. They are trained to deal with cases of gum disease and diseases of other structures near them. Also they perform dental implant procedures to patients and review to find loss of bone near the teeth, which can lead to tooth loss. The ultimate goal is to preserve the periodontist teeth by treating gum problems, tooth roots and bone.

Dental Radiology

With specialization in oral and maxillofacial radiology, these dentists have at least two years of additional training to produce and evaluate images of the structures of the mouth and teeth. Often performing work ordered by the general dentist or other dentists.

Dental pathologists

Dental pathologists working in the field of oral and maxillofacial pathology, these discerning facts about diseases related to the teeth using the microscope, clinical examination, radiology and other media. Are the detectives in the world of dentistry, seeking answers to the patient’s symptoms, such as pain, infection and inflammation? They can guide treatment of patients with a complex disease or work in dental research. Dental pathologists have at least two years of specialized beyond general dentistry training.

Dentists Public Health

Public health dentists have at least two years of specialized in the field of public health with respect to the dental formation. Develop community programs and conduct research to determine the best ways to provide dental care to the community. They are especially interested in the prevention and control of dental diseases.