Action plan to have healthier teeth

From babies to elders, we all need to take care of our teeth and our mouth to keep it healthy so we can eat, talk and laugh at ease. If your teeth bother you with changes in temperature or chewing; if the gums hurt or bleed during brushing or flossing; or if you have persistent bad breath, visit your dentist. Any of these signs or others that you may notice indicate a problem that must be resolved as soon as possible in order to avoid further damage.

The teeth are very delicate and if we want to maintain them all our lives, we must give them meticulous care according to our risk factors (genetics, age, general health, medications, habits, saliva, environment, etc.), which in each one are different and they will determine the specific needs of each mouth.

The daily routine that we must perform at home is one of the most important part of mouth care. There are simple guidelines that each of us can take into account to prevent the development of tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. In most cases, proper mouth care involves brushing and flossing, along with going to the dentist on a regular basis. Prevention is the key to keeping your teeth healthy and a beautiful smile throughout your life.

Brushing the teeth

Brushing your teeth after meals and between snacks not only removes food debris, but also removes plaque, that sticky layer that forms on your teeth. If we have the opportunity to look at the plate through a microscope, we will see that they are the bacteria that cause most of the problems in the mouth. Therefore, removing the bacterial plaque that forms on the teeth is our main objective.

The mouth is the cavity of our body with more variety of bacteria. It is estimated that there are more than 500 types, since in the mouth they find the conditions of temperature, humidity and ideal nutrients for their development. In addition, the mouth will not be for holidays or on weekends. In this environment, bacteria are ready at all times for, as soon as we lower our guard, cause problems.

The dentist or dental hygienist can teach you the most appropriate way to brush your teeth and recommend the best toothpaste. Generally, a toothbrush with medium bristles and rounded tips will be less prone to injuring the gum tissue or damaging the tooth surface. The size, shape and angle of the toothbrush should allow each of the teeth to be reached for at least 2 or 3 minutes in a row. Eye with brushing the teeth with too much force or hard bristles, as it can cause tooth wear and retractions of the gums. Toothbrushes should be changed every few months. Otherwise, they cannot properly clean their teeth and can injure their gums.

We must use dental floss

To prevent tooth decay and gum disease, the bacterial plaque must be completely removed from all surfaces of the teeth. Your brush can not reach effectively between the teeth and below the gum line. Thus, frequently, both dental caries and gum diseases begin in these areas. That is why it is so important to use the dental floss daily as you brush your teeth.

Your dentist or dental hygienist can teach you how to use the dental floss properly and can advise you on how to do it in an easy way. With practice, flossing only costs a few minutes. It is enough to use it once a day between all the teeth, to be able to be at night, since it is when the mouth is more unprotected (by the decrease of the salivary flow) and the bacteria have more hours to produce damages.

There are also interdental brushes of different sizes which are used to keep your gums and the spaces between your teeth clean and healthy. In the case that you need them for different reasons (bone loss, fixed prosthesis carrier, …) your dentist or dental hygienist can help you select the most appropriate one, and teach you the precise way to use it to maintain your oral health.

Other products for oral care

In general, using a toothpaste with fluoride is very important, because fluoride, in addition to reducing the levels of bacteria, also promotes the demineralization of the surfaces of the teeth, making them more resistant to decay. In addition, there are a variety of mouth rinses, toothpastes and gums that can help maintain your oral health. Mouthwashes and fluoride tooth gels can be used to prevent cavities. Some mouthwashes and toothpastes contain ingredients with antibacterial properties and can help prevent or control gingivitis (inflammation of the gum). Some chewing gum, in addition to stimulating salivation (natural protection mechanism), contain xylitol, a natural sweetener that reduces the bacteria that cause cavities.

Periodic visits to your dentist

Going to the dentist is something that we generally do not want to do. We always find a good excuse to delay our visit, and we are not used to going if it does not hurt. The main reason to go to the dentist regularly is prevention. The main goal of dentistry today is to maintain the health of the patient, to prevent diseases of the mouth or detect them early in order to perform a minimally invasive or non-invasive treatment.

The diseases of the mouth are progressive and cumulative and are damaging our teeth little by little, without us noticing until it is too late, so visit your dentist periodically. Preventive or early-stage treatments are simple and inexpensive, comparing what happens if we do not go frequently to the dental clinic and let major damage occur that hinder the possible solutions and shorten the life of the teeth. Today we have more comfortable and safe materials and instruments, aimed not only at the repair (of problems) but also at the protection (preventive treatments) of the patient’s mouth.

The fear of the dentist

The trauma of going to the dentist could be linked to previous experiences, but not exactly experienced by the child.

Fear is often a reaction to the unknown … As for the dentist, the child is totally vulnerable with his mouth open, he cannot predict what will happen.

Be careful what they say  …. 

It is very appropriate that the parents enter the cabinet with the children, to talk with the doctor, clarify doubts and find out about the treatment plan. However, once the treatment is started, it is convenient for the parents to be in the waiting room, Positive reinforcement is very appropriate: we must praise him when he behaves well.  It is essential to maintain oral hygiene habits at home.

It is very appropriate that the parents enter the cabinet with the children, to talk with the doctor, clarify doubts and find out about the treatment plan.

The idea imposed on the child that going to the dentist can be something frightening is sometimes so intense that in some cases the visit to the expert is unfeasible. There are two types of fear, the good and the bad, the good protects us and imposes limits, the bad one disables us from doing certain things and can hurt us. When the child’s fear reaches that level, it is time to worry, analyze the causes and try to solve it .

Toys, prevention and confidence

To try to put an end to this problem, dental offices use children’s stimuli such as painted walls, themed toys and gifts. The same applies to professionals. Stimulating the child’s curiosity could also be a good option; show him what is happening in the mouth, talk to the child and use toys and mirrors to investigate the mouth and feel part of the consultation.

Upon returning home, the child should be encouraged to highlight the positive points of the consultation with the dentist and the importance of prevention. Children with good oral hygiene will not go through stricter procedures, such as a restoration or root canal treatment, and will not have to live in painful situations. “Ideally, the child should see the dentist as a friend who helps take care of the teeth,” concludes the expert.

How many hours working dentists

Dentistry is a job that is challenging and rewarding for those who have an interest in the field of care of health. Most of the dentists work a week of work average, about 35-40 hours. This varies in each case.


Being a dentist is a job that requires years of specialized training. This is practical and theoretical training and lasts for several years as a student of dentistry.

Payment for hours

Although dentists do not charge by the hour, the average hourly wage for general dentists is slightly less than US $ 75.00, according to occupational May 2008 statistics released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.


Because dental school is expensive, many dentists have to borrow to pay for their education. To repay these loans, most dentists work overtime in their careers , and then resume the regular schedule of 40 hours a week.

Equipment costs

The costs of equipment are high when you’re a dentist, due to the specialized equipment and technology evolves. Many dentists when they buy new equipment, they work overtime to cover these costs.


Most dentists rest holidays. A few do work dental emergency and charge accordingly.

How long does it take to be a pediatric dentist

Most dentists’ family care for adults and children, but a pediatric dentist focuses on the needs dental unique to infants, children and adolescents. These young people have mouths that are still growing and teeth are coming out and new ones are more likely to have certain types of injuries, and benefit from a different psychological approach. Become a pediatric dentist requires at least 10 years of education after high school.

Bachelor of Science

A dental practitioner must first obtain a bachelor of science, which is usually a 4 year program. The next course to take may be the option or premedical pre-dental while specializing in chemistry or biology. These races are not a requirement for admission to dental school, but the applicant must complete a certain number of courses in chemistry, organic chemistry, biology and physics.

School of Dentistry

Then the student acquires a Doctor of Dental Surgery or Doctor of Dental Medicine accredited dental faculty. Both are 4-year programs and degrees are the same except for the title. The first two years of dental school focus on basic sciences in the field of dentistry, including biomaterials, oral anatomy and biochemistry, and histology. Students also take courses and dental technicians learn about nine specialties recognized by the American Dental Association, including pediatric dentistry. Over the next two years, students participate in intensive study and clinical dental practice.

Practice or residence

After graduation, new dentists are eligible to obtain a license, allowing them to practice in your specific state. A graduate interested in becoming a pediatric dentist can opt for general practice for a number of years before returning to college, or continuing to a residence immediately after dental school. Pediatric residency programs usually last two years and in 2009; more than 30 states had powers offered pediatric residences.

Details residence

During the pediatric residency, the student learns the diagnostic and surgical procedures specific to advanced young patients. The course includes biostatistics, epidemiology, oral pathology, radiology and pharmaceutical study. Students also learn about child psychology, relieving anxiety in children and the care of children with physical, mental or emotional needs. In addition, residents study clinical management, diagnosis of growth problems, emergency dentistry, oral trauma management, oral diseases of children, tooth replacement, conscious sedation and general anesthesia. They learn to use the equipment designed for small mouths of pediatric patients.


After graduating from the residency program, the new pediatric dentist is eligible to find a position in a pediatric dental practice or start their own business. A graduate of residence may decide at any time to obtain certification from the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry (ABPD, for its acronym in English) for additional credentials. This requires a rigorous examination process. Pediatric dentists must also provide a continuation of their education, whether formal or individually, in order to keep up with advances in the field. The ABPD makes continuous training sessions every spring, changing city every time.

Five tips to maintain healthy gums

Conduct a proper oral hygiene: How could it be otherwise one of the basic aspects for the care of our gums is related to dental hygiene? In this way we have to practice a routine formed by a tooth brushing after each meal The flossing at least once a day, this being a much neglected element between patients and we will be of great help in removing food debris that lodge in the interdental spaces. Finally we should make mouthwash regularly to complete this daily habit we not only will help to keep your gums in good condition but it is also essential to prevent tooth decay. It is important to include cleaning during brushing of both the language as gum and it is recommended to use a soft brush to avoid damaging the gingival tissue.

Using appropriate oral hygiene products: Today we have in the market for a wide range of specific products for dental hygiene. Thus it is advisable to consult a specialist to recommend us those toothpastes or mouthwashes that best fit our needs. In this sense we must talk about specific products to r educe tooth sensitivity or promote our teeth whitening.

Maintain a healthy, balanced diet rich in vitamin C: It’s time to talk about the relationship between diet and health of our gums, since there is evidence that eating foods containing vitamin C will be very beneficial for this tissue as it plays a vital role in the synthesis of collagen, which is one of the main components of our gums.

Early detection of gingival problems: One of the characteristics of periodontal disease is when the disease is at an advanced stage (periodontitis) the consequences are irreversible, thus the patient does not only suffer the loss or gingival recession but it also we must talk about the gradual loss of the jawbone. Given this factor you must go to the dentist for mild gum infection and occurs primarily through the swelling, tenderness, or bleeding of the same, and these common symptoms of gingivitis, mild pathology related to gums and which it is addressed through improved oral hygiene routine or practicing professionally cleaned.

Visiting a dentist regularly: Finally just this last advice relates to the previous point, thanks to specialist dental checkups can determine whether the health of our gums is optimal, whereas if you have an infection or mild disease you can start treatment quickly and effectively, As we advance above the gum-related diseases have different degrees and once the patient develops a periodontitis and must speak of irreversible damage to the patient’s mouth.

As we have seen there are many aspects to consider keeping our gums in good condition, this being a highly recommended task when you consider that this is one of the most important factors within the oral health.

Finding a dentist for fearful patients

Many people are afraid of the dentist and suffer from anxiety dental. But some people are serious word with the letter “D”. Does the thought of seeing the dentist makes you sick or your heart starts a career? You may be suffering from dental fear or phobia. While some dentists are considered simply as mechanical dental, many dentists today in day they have been professionally trained to deal with fearful patients.


  1. Ask around, says Dr. Paul Glassman, dentist and professor of dentistry at the University of the Pacific School of Dentistry Arthur A. Dugoni of San Francisco, who has been running a program to fearful dental patients for many years. Ask friends, neighbors, relatives, co-workers or family doctor who will recommend a good dentist with great interpersonal skills.
  2. Please review the association or organization of local dentists to see if they have a list of dentists to fearful patients. Some dentists specialize in treating nervous patients.
  3. Read reviews and recommendations for phobic patient’s dentist in your area.
  4. Contact the dental office and ask about how they feel about working with a fearful patient, suggests Dr. Glassman.
  5. Visit the dental office before making an appointment. Talk to the receptionist. Do they seem friendly and willing to help? Like the atmosphere of the dental office? Do dentists use distraction techniques putting soothing music or keeping a fish tank to calm your nerves?
  6. Make a consultation appointment to discuss your concerns. Make sure the dentist will not make any treatment at this early date, though they are expected to pay the consultation fee. Tell your dentist that you are a nervous patient. Do not be embarrassed, because you’re not the only one suffering from dental anxiety. If you do not reveal your fears, your dentist will not be able to help. Do you see the careful dentist and showing genuine interest in you? “If the dentist seems genuinely interested in your fear and seems to want to work with you to help you get over it and get dental care, then that’s a good start,” says Dr. Glassman. “If the dentist seems annoyed by your fear, or seems uninterested in working with you, then, keep looking.” Dr. Jack Bynes also states that dental offices that treat dental phobias not only resemble the common dental offices. “Keep in mind if the doctor has taken the trouble to avoid clinical appearance in the office,” writes Dr. Bynes on its website, “The doctor and his team seem to OR staff are dressed in little or threatening manner? More importantly, are being treated in a loving and warm way or feel like a patient in the emergency room?”

Tips & Warnings

  • Is the root problem, fear itself. Consulting psychologists or receive therapy sessions.
  • On the contrary there is no American equivalent in the UK, where there are certified dentists to treat phobia.

Different types of dentists

Dentists evaluate and treat problems related to the teeth and oral cavity. They perform extractions, administer anesthesia and medications, educate patients about dental hygiene and write prescriptions when necessary. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 75% of dentists work on their own, while the rest work in a company or other organization. A dental student attending dental school grade for four years and gets either a DDS or a DMD


The vast majority of dentists practicing in the United States are general dentists. Also known as family dentists, conduct routine examinations, teeth pulled, do root canals and tooth fillings added. Fit dentures, crowns and bridges. Some of them perform cosmetic dentistry. General dentists are trained to treat patients of all ages.


Endodontists have at least two years of specialized training that allows them to specialize in working with the dental pulp and surrounding tissue, routinely perform complicated dental root canal involving removing unhealthy pulp at the bottom of the tooth, filling and sealing the space below. This procedure can save teeth that would otherwise have to be extracted.

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have at least three years of specialized studies in the treatment of diseases and injuries of the mouth and the surrounding area. A part of their advanced training is related to the care of patients requiring anesthesia. They routinely perform complex surgeries related to dental problems such as the extraction of wisdom teeth, facial cosmetic surgery and placement of dental implants. They can treat patients with oral cancer and may be called upon to perform surgery to trauma victims with facial injuries.


Prosthodontists working to create artificial teeth such as dentures, dental implants and dental bridges several individual artificial teeth, they can work with patients and placing artificial teeth or can fulfill orders general dentists. Dental prosthodontists have at least three years of training beyond what is required of a general dentist.


Orthodontists have at least two years of specializing in the care of patients whose teeth have training needs alignment, applied brakes and other orthodontic appliances to teeth to improve the ability to eat and appearance. Orthodontists work with children and adults. A closely related specialty is dentofacial orthopedics.

Pediatric Dentists

Pediatric dentists have specialized in dealing with children from birth to adolescence at least two years of training. These dentists are concerned with specific dental problems of children and have a great experience in helping keep a positive first dental visit.


The periodontist have at least three years’ experience specializing in the field of periodontal disease (gum) formation. They are trained to deal with cases of gum disease and diseases of other structures near them. Also they perform dental implant procedures to patients and review to find loss of bone near the teeth, which can lead to tooth loss. The ultimate goal is to preserve the periodontist teeth by treating gum problems, tooth roots and bone.

Dental Radiology

With specialization in oral and maxillofacial radiology, these dentists have at least two years of additional training to produce and evaluate images of the structures of the mouth and teeth. Often performing work ordered by the general dentist or other dentists.

Dental pathologists

Dental pathologists working in the field of oral and maxillofacial pathology, these discerning facts about diseases related to the teeth using the microscope, clinical examination, radiology and other media. Are the detectives in the world of dentistry, seeking answers to the patient’s symptoms, such as pain, infection and inflammation? They can guide treatment of patients with a complex disease or work in dental research. Dental pathologists have at least two years of specialized beyond general dentistry training.

Dentists Public Health

Public health dentists have at least two years of specialized in the field of public health with respect to the dental formation. Develop community programs and conduct research to determine the best ways to provide dental care to the community. They are especially interested in the prevention and control of dental diseases.