Bleeding gums

The fact that the gums bleed spontaneously or when brushing is a sign that they are not healthy. And if bleeding is accompanied by swelling and discoloration, we could be talking about a periodontal disease such as gingivitis.

Persistent bleeding of the gums may also be due to serious medical conditions such as leukemia and bleeding and platelet disorders.

Your gums may also bleed:

  • Brushing with excessive force
  • Misuse of dental floss
  • Ill-fitting dentures
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy
  • Anticoagulant
  • Scurvy (vitamin C deficiency)
  • Vitamin K deficiency

How can we help?

Following the advice of the dentist about gum care is essential to keep them healthy. Furthermore, the use of a suitable brush teeth helps to prevent the bleeding, since a too stiff bristles and improper brushing can irritate the gum tissue (gingiva).

If the bleeding gums due to plaque buildup, the easiest way to return to normal is brushing.

Many people react to suspending bleeding gums brushing to avoid worsening the situation, but this is precisely what not to do. The brushing inflammation causing a creating a vicious cycle that must be broken.

The soft, brushed routine (three times daily) can be removed by inflammation and bleeding in many cases. And if not, we should see a dentist for a dental cleaning, application of antiseptic mouthwashes, systemic administration of antibiotics or a more detailed assessment of the case.

Consult your dentist if bleeding is severe or prolonged and continues after treatment.

Animal health oral hygiene for cats

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Although the phenomenon is less pronounced in cats than in dogs, cats have a natural predisposition to make dental plaque and tartar which are deposited on tooth enamel and creep between the tooth and the gum. This phenomenon leads to bad breath, loosening of teeth and infections such as gingivitis.

The odors associated with tartar and infection are not pleasant for the cat or those around him. Dental problems are always accompanied by pain, even if the cat does not express it.

How to maintain my cat’s mouth?

As with humans, oral health involves regular tooth brushing. You have to get used to them from an early age. Brushing must be done vertically on all teeth, with a descaling paste for cats and a very soft brush or a fingerstall at least twice a week. Rinsing is not necessary. When brushing is impossible, other products can be used to combat dental problems such as chewable tablets.

When should you have your teeth scaled?

When the amount of tartar is too important, dental care is to be performed by a veterinarian: the descaling is done with an ultrasonic device identical to that used by dentists. This operation requires general anesthesia. It is also the occasion, if necessary, to extract the loose or damaged teeth, thus painful. There is no definite age for dental practice. It is necessary to monitor and brush regularly to delay the tartar deposition.

Do I wait for him to go down alone or do I go to the dentist

The pain is the most obvious symptom that can present it, in sharp and intense occasions with a pulsating sensation, although it may not be present. It can also affect our daily routine with discomfort when chewing, swallowing or talking. In some cases it can cause halitosis (bad breath), painful swelling of the neck ganglia and even fever. The causes of its appearance are diverse:

Tooth decay. When a caries attacks the tooth, it can cause the bacteria to infect its pulp, the root and even the adjacent bone.

Pulpitis. It is an inflammation of the pulp of the tooth (the soft tissue that contains the nerves and the blood vessels) that can be caused by an advanced caries, a dental fracture or an infection.

Periodontitis. The accumulation of bacterial plaque can manifest itself in the form of gingivitis (inflammation of the gum) that, not treated in time, can lead to periodontitis, a deep infection of the gum that causes bone loss, dental mobility and, in the last case, the loss of teeth

In short, a poor oral hygiene can be the first ticket for us to suffer a phlegm on because it can cause oral problems that cause bacterial infection.

What can happen if I do not go to the dentist?

The phlegm on dental infection can spread to other parts, including the cheek, maxillary sinus (causing sinusitis), nasal passages, neck or tongue, among others.

An infection can turn into a serious disease that, in the most extreme cases, could put our lives at risk. That is why if we notice the appearance of a phlegm on, even if it does not hurt, we must go to our dentist immediately, who depending on the case and severity will estimate the most appropriate treatment, which will go from fighting infection, pain and inflammation with antibiotics and anti-inflammatories; a drain to remove the pus; endodontic or surgical cleaning; and, only in cases where the teeth are too damaged, should be removed as soon as possible.

The prevention is key to avoid this and other oral health problems. A good oral hygiene with a routine of correct brushing, prophylaxis or “cleanings” performed by a professional to eliminate bacterial plaque and visit the dentist regularly will prevent us from going through complicated and expensive treatments.

An apple or a toothbrush    

The popular wisdom of the apple instead of a cleaning of the teeth contains some truth. Because it is true that fruits contain, in addition to vitamin C, many mineral substances. And indeed, chew an apple after meals eliminates plaque.

Abrasive effect

Other crunchy fruits and vegetables, such as celery or carrots when chewed, work like small toothbrushes. Pieces of fruit or vegetables have an abrasive effect and help eliminate plaque and slight discoloration of the teeth. The cleaning effect can be seen with the naked eye, even if it is weak.

Acid in fruit attacks tooth enamel

But neither an apple nor a carrot will be able to remove leftover food and bacteria from critical areas such as the gingival crevice. Fruits and vegetables are only suitable as a troubleshooting solution, the emergency cleaning team, so to speak. They do not replace, of course, regular cleaning of the teeth.

And even apples contain acids that alter saliva and also attack tooth enamel. The fructose contained in the apple is a favorable substrate for cariogenic bacteria; the acids produced alter the dental surfaces.

If sugar and acids remain on the teeth, the positive effect on the consumption of an apple is lost. We must then wait 30 to 60 minutes, if we want to use the abrasive effect and cleaning of an apple, before using a toothbrush and toothpaste.


Fear of the dentist

The fear of the dentist is also often justified by previous experiences that the patient has had and they have traumatized, so conscious sedation is an option for the patient to regain confidence in the dentist.

Due to the fear of the dentist, many patients end up with really serious dental problems that can even lead to the loss of all the teeth in the mouth, a fact that could perfectly be prevented by initially going to the dentist.

Ideal conscious sedation

Objectives that an ideal conscious sedation must fulfill are:

  • Efficiently reduce nervous tension and anxiety.
  • Contribute to analgesia either by acting on the local anesthetics used or by including analgesics in the technique of conscious sedation.
  • Minimize or suppress unwanted movements that hinder dental treatment.
  • Causing a certain degree of amnesia from the procedures and previous moments. The drugs used must have a rapid metabolism with minimal side effects or residuals.

All you need to know about dental hygiene for toddlers

At what age should young children start brushing their teeth?

Start brushing as soon as the first teeth appear. Use a soft brush and a toothpaste suitable for young children. Use until the age of 5 years a toothpaste enriched with fluorine at 500-700 ppm. From 5 years old, you can use a toothpaste enriched with fluorine at 1000 – 1500 ppm.

My baby is having his first tooth. What to do to reduce irritation?

Typical examples of irritation are: biting your fingers or other things, producing more saliva, being less hungry or having trouble with meals, having red cheeks or irritated gums where the teeth will grow. You can reduce the irritation by massaging the irritated gingiva with a clean finger or giving it a teething ring. This one can be cold, but certainly not frozen. All the children are fortunately not irritated at the appearance of the first teeth.

Why does my child need another toothpaste than me?

Children must use a toothpaste appropriate for their age (- 5 years or + 5 years), because they need a suitable fluoride rate. Too much fluoride can cause fluorosis (permanent white spots on teeth).

How do I know if my child brushes his teeth properly?

You can get tartar tablets from your pharmacist. Your child should keep these lozenges for two to three minutes in the mouth. They color the dental plaque and thus highlight the places that have not been properly brushed. Using them for the next few days, you will probably find that the same places are neglected each time. It is interesting to note that these pellets always reveal clear differences between left-handed and right-handed.

How are cavities formed?

Caries occurs because bacteria (dental plaque) turns food sugars into acid. This damages the tooth enamel and causes small holes in the tooth. Be careful with sugar, and do not forget to brush your teeth.

At what age should young children start brushing their teeth?

Start brushing as soon as the first teeth appear. Use a soft brush and a toothpaste suitable for young children. Use until the age of 5 years a toothpaste enriched with fluorine at 500-700 ppm. From 5 years old, you can use a toothpaste enriched with fluorine at 1000 – 1500 ppm.

Can my child use an electric toothbrush?

There are electric toothbrushes specially designed for children. With a little timer in the form of a melody. The movements are as effective as those reserved for adults, but a little less aggressive and the brushes are smaller and adapted to the mouths of children.

How to motivate my child to brush his teeth?

Brush a regular exercise during morning and evening rituals. You can motivate little children by singing a suitable song for two minutes. You can also listen to a little song that they like. Thus, they get to know the normal brushing time. Also tell them that by brushing their teeth well, they will benefit throughout life.

According to the dentist, it is possible to protect my child’s teeth with a coating. What does that mean?

Molar surfaces are covered with grooves and valleys. These are difficult to clean and thus form an ideal place for culture broth for bacteria. The dentist can clean the surfaces thoroughly and cover them with an artificial wax coating. This treatment is painless and very effective in preventing cavities.

How often do you go to your dentist for a check?

Children should make two to three visits a year to the dentist because they are more likely to develop cavities. Adults must visit their dentist once or twice a year for a check-up. This of course depends on their tendency to develop cavities, inflammation and tartar. The dentist can advise you on this.

An electric toothbrush, is it better than a manual brush?

Yes, an electric toothbrush removes up to twice as much dental plaque as a manual brush. Dental plaque is the big culprit in many cases of dental problems, such as cavities, tartar and inflammation of the gums. Since the small rotating brush takes care of the work, it is therefore very easy to brush your teeth correctly. Each tooth is treated individually, right down to the smallest corners. What is most important for proper dental hygiene is brushing your teeth regularly (twice for a minimum of two minutes a day) and correctly.

What are plaque and tartar?

Plaque is a thin, sticky layer on your teeth, made up mainly of bacteria. It is everywhere on your teeth, so between your teeth too. In 99% of cases dental plaque is responsible for dental problems. If you do not eliminate it every day by brushing your teeth properly and using dental floss, you may see cavities, bleeding gums, tartar, bad breath…

How to explain the appearance of tartar and how to avoid it?

Tartar is actually hardened dental plaque because of the calcium in the saliva. Dental plaque is a thin transparent layer that adheres to teeth, it is mainly made of food residues and bacteria. It is everywhere on your teeth, so between your teeth too. Dental plaque is the culprit No. 1 at the root of many dental problems. You can easily remove plaque by brushing your teeth every day – at least every day in every corner, inside and outside your teeth. Once the dental plaque is hardened and turned into tartar, you cannot eliminate it yourself, and the dentist must take care of it.

How to keep teeth and gums healthy?

Brush your teeth for at least two minutes a day and use regular dental floss. Make sure that your brushing technique is correct: brush in a circular motion to the smallest corners, both on the outside and on the inside. Or brush each tooth with an electric brush. It is important not to brush too vigorously, to prevent the gum from retracting, thus increasing the sensitivity. Consult your dentist once or twice a year to have your teeth checked.

What is a good toothpaste?

Always choose a fluoride-enriched toothpaste. Fluorine protects the tooth enamel. In addition, it is better to opt for a toothpaste that also addresses other common problems of the mouth: sensitive teeth, gums that bleed or tartar.

All about your first visit to the dentist for children

70% of parents think, wrongly, that when their children still have baby teeth it is not necessary to go to the dentist, however, every time we see more children with milk teeth problems.

It is important to be aware that many problems such as cavities could be avoided by taking the child to the dentist before they get the final teeth.

Know everything you need to know on your first visit to the dentist for children:

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends making the first visit to the dentist in the first year of life and after an annual review.

Although some pediatricians suggested to do it when the teeth of milk composed of 20 teeth is complete, which is usually around three years, but a study conducted in 2007 revealed that in 26.2 of children under 4 already had tooth decay and teething .

Previous to the visit

One of the problems of the children’s first visit to the dentist is that they usually go with fear. It should be avoided by favoring the child’s relationship with the dentist.

Before going, we must prepare the child psychologically. We can explain that it will be like a game where they will look at your mouth and that if you behave well you will have a prize.

For this reason, a professional dental development specialist in dentistry will give your child a tour of the facilities so that they can feel confident and familiar.

The day of the visit

When you go to the dentist for children for the first time, they will surely ask you a questionnaire about your child’s medical and dental history.

If the dentist detects a problem, it will indicate the treatment to follow and will tell you if it is better to do it as soon as possible or if it is better to resolve it in the future when the final teeth come out.

In dental the specialists for children will explain to your child what will be done in a fun way. If all goes well, an annual check will suffice until tooth replacement begins.

Remember that the attitude of parents influences your first visit, so in dental we have the best dentists for children where we expect your child to live a positive experience, feeling comfortable and learn about dental health care.

Send your data and receive free telephone advice with a specialist in child treatment for children.

All you risk not to cure your teeth

What are the most common risks, not taking enough care of your teeth?

The main risks:

  • The development of dental caries (infections can lead to abscesses if they are not treated in time).
  • Damage to the supporting tissues of the teeth, gums and bones, which can cause the pure and simple loss of teeth if nothing is done.
  • Neither do we neglect various oral cancers that are often “silent” but detectable by a professional. Screening them early increases the rate of treatment success considerably.

During dental care, abscess not taken in time, or even energetic brushing injuring the gums of a badly maintained mouth, bacteria can pass into the bloodstream. These bacteria present in the blood can, during their passage in the heart, be fixed and develop on the internal lining of its cavities (endocardium) and more particularly on the heart valves thus generating the infective endocarditis.

And when it does not kill, the infection can lead to many complications such as severe heart failure, generalized infection, kidney problems or heart rhythm. In some cases, there may even be a stroke.

All socio-cultural groups are concerned by the lack of hygiene.

However, economic and social factors can be found in the latter, because the lower the proportion of the population observed and the lower education, the lower the oral hygiene.

Afraid of the dentist


Tips to control the fear of the dentist

Fear can be controlled. There are techniques that can help you improve this situation and that are at your fingertips. Talking to your specialist and talking openly about how you feel is one of them.

Here are some tips:

  • Prepare for the consultation. Take a relaxing infusion before going to consult, take deep breaths, rest well the night before or organize your time calmly. You will go quiet to the consultation and you will notice it in the waiting room.
  • In the consultation, take your favorite book or listen to music. It will help you get distracted while you wait for your turn! If you are very nervous, visualizing positive, happy images is also another good technique.
  • Ask your dentist for the steps you are taking on the spot. In this way, you can control the time of departure.
  • Think you are doing a greater for your oral health. No more excuses. Try to remove your fear mentally and your oral health will thank you. And remember, dentists are professionals and are used to these situations. Do not feel ashamed, sharing your fear is healthy and normal.

Advice on dental hygiene

Since our childhood we have been taught to brush our teeth 3 times daily after each meal and for 3 minutes. It seems that more important than all that is the technique in brushing.

Several recommendations that we should always keep in mind about tooth brushing are:

  • The teeth should be brushed half an hour after each meal

When we take food (especially acids), the pH of our mouth diminishes, needing a time to return to normal. For this reason, if we brush our teeth when we have eaten what we will do, we will rub the acid through our enamel. If on the contrary we wait for that half hour approximately, the PH will be regulated in our mouth in a natural way and already the brushing will not have any negative effect. As a curious fact we can add that the ideal pH is around 7 and so you can get an idea of ​​a soft drink can be in 2.5 “similar to vinegar.” The simple fact of brushing half an hour after taking food will help to reduce the number of cavities in the mouth.

  • Important to sweep the teeth and not to scrub them

When we brush our teeth, what we intend is to always sweep the plate out, not extend it through the mouth. For this reason, the most appropriate brushing technique will be that of sweeping in the direction always from the gum towards the outside of the tooth with the consequent circular movement in our wrist. It will be important to keep an order when cleaning our mouth so we do not forget anything. Teeth on the outside, on the inside and the tongue (also very important).

  • Chewing gum or eating cheese

Finishing our meals with chewing gum or cheese is recommended due to the xylitol in chewing gum (since it has ant cariogenic properties) and in the case of cheese it helps us to reduce the pH of the bacterial plaque and helps to demineralize the teeth.


  • Very important: always wash our teeth before going to bed

At night we salivate less and the cariogenic substances act for it in a more aggressive and accentuated way, for this reason it is so important to brush your teeth before going to sleep.